xv THE CHURCH OF S. SAVIOUR PANTOKRATOR 229
standing account3 and so a band of Genoese made for the Pantokratofj over which the banner of S. Mark had recently floated, and tore the monastery down to the ground, making It a greater ruin than the Venetians had made of the Genoese buildings in Syria,, Then, not only to deprive the enemy of his property but to turn it also to one's own advantage, the scattered stones were collected and shipped to Genoa for the construction of the church of S. George in that city.1
In the reign of Michael Palaeologus, a member of the noble family of the princes of the Peloponnesus became abbot of the Pantokrator, and acquired great influence. He Ied3 as we shall see, the mission which conducted the emperor's daughter Maria to the Mongolian court, and when the patriarchal seat was vacant in 1275, a strong party favoured his appointment to that position instead of Veccus.2
During the period of the Palaeologi the church frequently served as a mausoleum for members of the imperial family. Here in 1317 was buried Irene, the second wife of Andronicus IL, a Spanish princess and daughter of the Marquis of MonferraL She came to Constantinople in 1285, when only eleven years old, a beautiful girl^ Yolande by name, distinguished for the elegance of her manners, and for a time was the idol of the court But what with the desire which she developed to amass wealth, and to see her sons share in the government of the Empire, she ultimately proved the cause of much unhappiness to her husband/ She deserves to be remembered for bequeathing the funds which enabled Andronicus IL to build the buttresses supporting the walls of S, Sophia on the north and east.4
Here, in 1425, Manuel IL was laid to rest after his long
1 Belin, Histoire de la latlnltl de C.P, pp. 22-23, Quoting Canale, Nuo^ua Storia, 11. p. 153 5 cf. Sauli, L p. 55. According to Panned, the Venetians themselves removed their national emblems from the Pantokrator and tore down the monastery,—Belin, ut supra, pp. 88, 92.
2 Pachym. i. p. 40 z.
8 Ibid, ii. pp. 87-88 5 Niceph. Greg. i. p. 167.
* Ibid. I pp. 373, 233-34-